- Focal Areas
- Videos & Podcasts
- News & Events
Publications by: Ashley Erickson
It All Adds Up: Enhancing Ocean Health by Improving Cumulative Impacts Analyses in Environmental Review Documents
Stanford Environmental Law Journal
Improving ocean management through the use of ecological principles and integrated ecosystem assessments
The US National Ocean Policy calls for ecosystem-based management (EBM) of the ocean to help realize the vision advanced in the 2010 Executive Order on the Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes. However, no specific approach for incorporating EBM into planning was provided. We explore how a set of ecological principles and ecosystem vulnerability concepts can be integrated into emerging comprehensive assessment frameworks to transition to ecosystem-based ocean planning. We examine NOAA's IEA framework to demonstrate how these concepts could be incorporated into existing frameworks. Although our discussion is focused on US ocean policy, comprehensive ecological assessments are applicable to a wide array of management strategies and planning processes.
California’s coast and ocean are iconic. With the largest ocean economy in the nation, Californians’ quality of life and economic wellbeing are tied to the health of our ocean and coastal resources and the services—food, tourism, recreation, trade, wildlife habitat—they provide. State and federal agencies are entrusted with maintaining the health and productivity of our coast and ocean for all Californians. A wide range of legal mandates guide agency decision making to ensure sustainability in the face of a growing number of human activities along the coast and in the ocean. This Guide is designed to serve as a practical tool for California agency staff to both fulfill their legal mandates and protect California’s invaluable ocean and coastal resources for generations to come.
This Guide provides new and innovative information to improve the effectiveness of coastal and ocean decision making. It demonstrates how agency staff and applicants alike can apply four science-based guidelines—called ecosystem principles - to existing decision-making processes. These principles were developed by a team of leading scientists to help resource managers incorporate the best available scientific information about how to maintain and restore healthy ecosystems.
The Guide also includes a thorough analysis of the scientific basis behind the ecosystem principles, as well as a series of case studies that demonstrate how the principles can be practically applied to day-to-day agency decision making. The Guide is designed for use by agency staff charged with analyzing regulatory and permitting decisions that affect ocean and coastal resources.
North Carolina Journal of International Law & Commercial Regulation
"Fish," he said, "I love you and respect you very much. But I will kill you dead before this day ends." The world's oceans are facing countless threats, and the importance of maintaining a healthy ocean environment is more significant than many may realize. Cooperation on all levels - international, national, and regional - is essential to conserve and sustain the world's marine habitats. More specifically, maintaining, conserving, and regenerating biodiversity in the world's oceans will rejuvenate the world's fish supply and therefore boost the world economy. Over-fishing is one of the largest threats to ocean biodiversity today. While many worldwide conventions, laws, codes of conduct, and management organizations are in place that help regulate, maintain, and sustain the fishing industry, they greatly lack in cooperation, uniformity, enforcement, and impact. Part II will introduce the concept and importance of biodiversity and, specifically, the importance of healthy fish stocks. This is followed in Part III by a discussion of the need for world-wide regulation of the world's oceans in order to effectively protect biodiversity. The current, but ineffective, regulations are presented in Part IV, as well as commentary on their faults. Part V utilizes this background information to present a case study of the giant bluefin tuna, one of the world's most demanded fish. Finally, Part VI examines where the law should go from here in order to sustain and replenish the world's fisheries. In short, "'[t]he oceans are suffering from a lot of things, but the one that overshadows everything else is fishing.'"